Local Government in the Czech Republic I. KRUNTORÁDOVÁ & P. JÜPTNER
The submitted monograph captures a renewal, structure and tendencies of a local self-government in the Czech Republic. Initially, following the fall of a communist regime a local self-government on a municipal level was renewed (1990) and then, following a very complex and tedious political discussion it gradually permeated the level of regions (1997-2000). We focus on an insti- tutional demarcation of both levels, applied mixed model of public adminis- tration and rules governing the financing of both levels determining their autonomy. In a horizontal dimension we focus on an analysis of implemented electoral systems and their impacts. Furthermore, we do not fail to mention the elements of direct democracy with an emphasis on local referenda. The key findings primarily relate to significant fragmentation of regions and muni- cipalities in particular. The smallest municipalities exhibit financial difficulties intertwined with their development, which their mayors respond to with cu- mulating the mandates and forming interest associations as well as political movements. This results in the balancing of interests of a variety of units of a local self-government which hinder any changes within the system; this system is significantly specific on a European scale primarily due to the frag- mentation, electoral system and nature of political actors.
works as an academic at the Institute of Political Studies of the Charles University in Prague. Her research interests include local politics, particularly on the financing of the municipalities and interest representation. Ilona is a member of the Observatory on Local Autonomy. She is also an economic coordinator and a member and of the Czech Political Science Association.
is the Director of the Institute of Political Studies of the Charles University in Prague. His research interests include local politics, focusing especially on the issue of direct mayor elections. Petr is also a member of the board of the Czech Political Science As- sociation, a member of the Observatory on Local Autonomy and a chairman of civil association Lokální politika.